Products are summed to offer a complete get ranging from 5 (reasonable pleasure) to thirty-five (highest fulfillment)

Satisfaction Which have Existence

Lifestyle fulfillment (Diener et al., 1985) “try counted toward Fulfillment having Lifetime Measure (SWLS) jdate giriÅŸ, created by Diener et al. (1985) and you will modified by the Juczynski (1999), and that assesses the brand new cognitive facet of SWB. The latest SWLS consists of four issues rated by a good respondent using an excellent seven-part scale, ranging from ‘firmly disagree’ (1) so you can ‘strongly agree’ (7). Sample affairs is “I am pleased with the newest criteria off living” and you will “Up to now, I’ve gotten the main some thing Needs in life.” The brand new Shine brand of the newest SWLS got shown shot-retest reliability (0.86), inner structure-Cronbach’s alpha (0.81), and discriminant legitimacy (upwards 0.50)” (Juczynski, 1999).


The Kutcher Adolescent Depression Scale (KADS) (Brooks et al., 2003) “is a commonly used screening test used to identify young people at risk for depression. It is a self-report scale specifically designed to diagnosis and assess the severity of adolescent depression. The KADS consists of six items rated by a respondent using a four-point scale, ranging from ‘hardly ever’ (0) to ‘all of the time’ (3). Validation of the Polish version of KADS in a group of students aged 18–24 years has shown its high reliability and content validity. Confirmatory factor analysis showed the good fit of model to empirical data: SB ? ( 15 ) 2 = , p < 0.001, RMSEA = 0.053, CFI = 0.958, SRMR = 0.029. Factor loading ranged from 0.40 to 0.80. Total score ranged from 0 to 18” (Mojs et al., 2015).


The Understood Stress Size (PSS) “is one of widely used emotional software for measuring the impression off be concerned (Cohen mais aussi al., 1983). This size was designed to gauge the degree to which participants pick their lives unstable, unmanageable, and you may overloading. They uses an effective 10-items measure of the amount to which factors inside an individual’s lifetime are appraised since the stressful. Full measure rating is computed by the reverse-scoring undoubtedly worded affairs and then summing all of the ten things. The potential range of values with the full level rating try 0–forty. Claimed precision is 0.91 during the college or university and you will society examples and 0.88 from inside the an example having early teenagers (Yarcheski and you can Mahon, 1999). The fresh PSS has been used during the a variety of options and you can is proven in order to relate with plenty of emotional solutions, plus stress and depressive attacks. The fresh new Polish variety of the fresh new PSS got found shot-retest reliability (0.72), internal consistency-Cronbach’s alpha (0.86)” (Juczynski and you can Oginska-Bulik, 2012).

Build Legitimacy

To assess getting legitimacy support, correlations were calculated between your RS?14 and the pleasure-with-lifetime level SWLS, including into the about three subscales of your own despair size KADS along with the Recognized Fret Level (PSS) about take to of young adults and also in the latest test out of the group with special needs. Email address details are shown during the Desk six.

To begin with, sure enough, existence fulfillment are certainly and you may somewhat of this strength (RS-14) both in the young people and you can special means groups. Secondly, depression and you may observed fret (PSS) was in fact adversely and somewhat synchronised with resilience regarding the young people category. More over, negative correlations was noticed concerning your dimensions-of-depression size KADS (despair, shortage of faith, real weakness, sense of firmness off lifetime, concerns, and you may suicide out of advice). Finally, depression try adversely and you can modestly correlated that have strength throughout the classification which have special need.


Considering the impact of strength on private and you can personal advancement regarding young people, and you will considering the related broadening need for strength findings in theory and practice, that it current investigation try impelled to help you report relevant recognition statistics having fun with this new steps of Level RS-14 (Wagnild, 2009a) into the Polish people of teenagers. This methodological look tested the thought of resilience because of the validating new RS-fourteen that have the common people regarding kids (old 13–17 decades) and you can young adults (ages 19–twenty-seven years) and you can next because of the exploring validation in the case of teenagers that have unique means and you will socially maladjusted offenders who are in educational, healing, probation locations (aged 13–18 years). It’s been without having at this point, which that it lack provides help to possess diagnostics on the planet in Poland plus in upcoming in the world lookup about your RS-fourteen (get a hold of Dining table 7).

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *